Cough with shortness of breath, what can it be?

Expert answer:

Cough with shortness of breath can have varied causes since the cough is a mechanism of protection of the organism, that is, a reaction to some irritative stimulus in the airways. When the cough is very intense and persistent it can cause shortness of breath and even vomiting.

As can occur in allergic coughs, gastroesophageal reflux, strong flu, sinusitis, anxiety-induced cough, and antihypertensive drugs such as captopril, enalapril and propanolol.

Other disorders that may produce cough with shortness of breath are: bronchial asthma, emphysema, pleural effusion, decompensated heart failure.

It is important to seek medical attention whenever the cough stays for longer than 10 to 15 days or if it is accompanied by fever, night sweats, shortness of breath, lack of appetite and elimination of secretion with blood.

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The general practitioner can diagnose and indicate the necessary treatment or referrals in case of cough with shortness of breath.

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