The cause of schizoaffective disorder is not fully understood, but it is known that the disorder begins with a change in the development of the nervous system that affects the transmission of nerve impulses between the brain cells.
However, there are also risk factors that increase a person's chances of developing schizoaffective disorder, especially genetic factors. People with multiple schizophrenia cases in the family are more likely to develop the disorder.
Schizoaffective disorder usually occurs in young adults and affects both men and women. It is not a disease, but a classification for a set of symptoms.
There are 2 types of Schizoaffective Disorder:
In this type of disorder, the person manifests schizophrenic signs and symptoms, even though he does not manifest an affective syndrome.
Schizoaffective disorder of the mainly affective type manifests at the same time schizophrenic and affective symptoms.
The treatment of equizoaffective disorder is done according to the signs and symptoms presented, and is usually done with the association of antipsychotic medications and psychotherapy. The goal of treatments is to control the symptoms and lead the person to resume their daily activities.
Learn more at:
What are the types of personality disorder and its characteristics?
Mental Disorders: How to Identify and Treat?