Viscosupplementation can relieve pain in cases of chondromalacia and Baker's cyst?

Expert answer:

The use of viscossupplementation to alleviate pain in cases of chondromalacia and Baker's cyst has not yet proven fully effective.

Vissupplementation is a procedure in which hyaluronic acid is applied to the inside of the joint (joint). This acid is normally found in the synovial fluid, which is present in the joints and has the function of lubricating them and contributing to their better movement. Its use for the treatment of various joint problems is being studied and its long-term efficacy is still unknown.

In patellar chondromalacia (patellofemoral syndrome or runner's knee) pain and discomfort in the knee are caused by wear of the cartilage behind the knee (patella). Its treatment is done with the use of anti-inflammatories, physiotherapy, exercises to strengthen the leg muscles, and the need to avoid excessive knee strain.

Baker's cyst is a kind of sac with synovial fluid that forms behind the knee, causing pain and discomfort. The increase in synovial fluid occurs due to inflammations of the joint structures of the knees, such as ligaments and menisci.

In the case of the causes of joint injury, such as the repair of meniscus and ligaments, using microsurgery techniques (arthroscopy), Baker's cyst tends to decrease in size, rarely requiring surgery.

The orthopedist is the professional who specializes in diagnosing and treating these joint problems.