Vulvovaginitis: What are the symptoms and how is the treatment?

Expert answer:

The main symptom of vulvovaginitis is vaginal discharge white-gray color, which may be accompanied by severe itching.

Other common signs and symptoms of vulvovaginitis include painful urination and during sexual intercourse, swelling, redness and burning in the genital area. Vaginal bleeding may occur in some cases.

Treatment of vulvovaginitis depends on the causative agent of the infection. Infections caused by fungi are treated with ointments antifungal infections, whereas in bacterial and protozoal infections the treatment is made with medicines antibiotics.

Vulvovaginitis is an infection of the vagina and vulva, mainly caused by fungi (Candida) or bacteria (Gardnerella vaginalis). Factors that unbalance the vaginal flora, such as diabetes, use of lubricants, medications and internal and external absorbents, among others, may also favor the development of the infection.

Vulvovaginitis can also be caused by allergies triggered by the use of synthetic fabric undergarments, fabric softeners, intimate soaps, colored or perfumed toilet paper, preservatives, among other irritants.

Emotional stress and menopause are also among the possible causes of vulvovaginitis. In the case of menopause, the infection is related to the low production of the estrogen hormone.

Seek a gynecologist in case of vulvovaginitis symptoms to receive an appropriate diagnosis and treatment.

Learn more at: What causes vulvovaginitis?