Bipolar affective disorder There is no cure., but it is possible to keep the disorder under control. The treatment is done with medications, psychotherapy and changes in lifestyle.
It is essential to follow all the treatment correctly, because only this way it is possible to prevent crises and control the mood instability, which allows the person to have a life very close to normal.
Also remembering that prolonged depressive phases not treated properly may increase the risk of suicide in patients with bipolar affective disorder.
Medications used to treat bipolar affective disorder may include antipsychotics, anxiolytics, anticonvulsants, and mood stabilizers. Medication should be maintained until the end of life.
O lithium carbonate, for example, is one of the most used to control acute euphoria and prevent new seizures, especially if its use is associated with antidepressants and anticonvulsants.
However, antidepressant medications can cause a rapid transition from depression to euphoria or increase the incidence of seizures, so they should be used with caution.
The role of psychotherapy in the treatment of bipolar affective disorder is very important because it helps the person to deal with the disorder and the difficulties it brings, also helping to prevent new crises and the continuity of drug treatment.
Family therapy can also be included in the treatment of bipolar disorder to help family members deal with the patient and their behavior.
Routine changes include cessation of substance use, such as alcohol and stimulants such as amphetamines, caffeine and other psychoactive drugs such as cocaine, improved sleep quality, and stress management and healthy lifestyle habits.
The specialist physician responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of the disorder is the psychiatrist.
Learn more at:
What are the symptoms of bipolar affective disorder?
Bipolar Affective Disorder: What Causes and How to Identify?