Can Vaginal Ultrasound Detect Any Disease in the Uterus?

Expert answer:

No, the vaginal ultrasound can not detect any disease in the uterus. The main diseases in the uterus that can be diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasonography are:

  • Uterine fibroids (benign tumors);
  • Cervical cancer:
  • Uterine polyps: Small tumors that develop in the wall of the uterus and can cause vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual period;
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding;
  • Endometriosis: Inflammatory disease caused by cells of the endometrium (inner layer of the uterus) that migrate to other sites such as ovaries or to the abdominal cavity, where they multiply and cause symptoms such as excessive bleeding.

Others diseases and conditions that can be detected by transvaginal ultrasound:

  • Cysts in the ovary;
  • Pelvic tumors;
  • Ectopic pregnancy: Pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus;
  • Menstrual problems;
  • Some types of infertility.

THE transvaginal ultrasonography is an examination used to evaluate the female genital organs (uterus and ovaries), being important for detecting diseases, monitoring pregnancy, controlling ovulation in women who want to become pregnant or who are undergoing infertility treatment.

For more information about any uterine diseases that can be diagnosed through vaginal ultrasound, talk to your gynecologist.